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Music Production

What is a Record Producer and why do you need one?

A record producer's job is to oversee the recording process from concept to finished master.

In order for a project to be successful, the record producer needs to share a common vision with the artist or group that s/he is working with. While it is not necessary that a record producer be a virtuoso musician, s/he must be a skilled listener and possess an innate ability to understand the musical experience, both objectively and subjectively. Also, a producer must be aware of the ever-changing trends that shape the music marketplace.

A producer's first task is to help the artist audition material and choose what to record. The producer will either help arrange or hire an arranger to score additional instrumental or vocal parts, as needed, once the songs have been selected. It is not unusual for a producer to spend anywhere from 20 to 40 hours on recording and mixing an individual track for commercial release. Additionally, the producer needs extra time to rehearse the artist and make any necessary business transactions to secure studio services, session players, materials and equipment, and anything else that is a prerequisite to the recording process.

For a producer to be successful, s/he needs the requisite skills necessary to keep things organized and on budget. Frequently, the artist's/group's record or management company will hire a producer to ensure that the project will be completed on budget and in a timely manner. It is important that projects are delivered as scheduled.

Producers are usually paid an up-front fee for their work plus royalties on each record sold. Fees range from $1,000 per album cut for a startup to as much as $50,000 for a proven hit maker. Royalties of 1% to 8% are common. 






What is an Arranger?


An arranger is a person who arranges a piece of music for a singer, a group of performers, or other music ensembles.


What does an arranger do?

An arranger’s primary role is to arrange a piece of music based on the needs or requirements of a performer, a group of performers, a conductor, a producer, or a music director. The arranger makes sure that every aspect of a musical piece is well harmonized, from the instruments down to the tempo. The music that an arranger works on may either be an original or an already existing music piece.





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